The poverty crisis prevailing the country have become evident more than anywhere else in the country’s educational system.
A huge proportion of children in Iran leave school before receiving their high-school diploma due to poverty.
According to the regime officials 53% of dropouts are due to financial difficulties that families are facing.
According to experts, many of these children end up in child labor. Based on unofficial estimates, there are between 2 million and 7 million child workers in Iran who are not only deprived of a normal childhood experience but also exposed to violence and other types of abuse.
According to Article 30 of the Iranian Constitution, “The government is obliged to provide free elementary and high school education for all members of the nation and facilitate free higher education for all until the country is self-sufficient.”
In the past few years, Rouhani has ordered shut down of many schools in rural communities to cut down on budget.
The regime has also been gradually expanding its demands for tuition from students and their families, further contributing to school dropouts.
More and more universities have also been demanding tuitions and fees from students.
Mohammadreza Vaez Mahdavi, an adviser to the Minister of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare, has acknowledged that “more than nine percent of Iranian families have to sell their furniture and home appliances due to the fact that they cannot pay for education with their normal income.”
The state-run Tasnim news agency interviewed an assistant professor at the Allameh University on this subject.
“Recently, UNESCO has advised governments to dedicate four to six percent of the gross domestic product and 15 to 20 percent of their budgets to public education. In Iran, however, only 1.5 to 2 percent of the GDP, and ten percent of the public budget are allocated to education.”
Tasnim also wrote that in rich countries, only 18 percent of children’s education costs are paid by parents. In Iran under the mullahs’ rule, families have to cover around 33 percent of their children’s education costs.